ATLS (R) y control de daños en trauma de columna
ATLS(R) and damage control in spine trauma.
Schmidt OI, Gahr RH, Gosse A, Heyde CE.
Leipzig University, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Spine Unit, Liebigstrasse 20, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. firstname.lastname@example.org.
World J Emerg Surg. 2009 Mar 3;4:9. doi: 10.1186/1749-7922-4-9.
Substantial inflammatory disturbances following major trauma have been found throughout the posttraumatic course of polytraumatized patients, which was confirmed in experimental models of trauma and in vitro settings. As a consequence, the principle of damage control surgery (DCS) has developed over the last two decades and has been successfully introduced in the treatment of severely injured patients. The aim of damage controlsurgery and orthopaedics (DCO) is to limit additional iatrogenic trauma in the vulnerable phase following major injury. Considering traumatic brain and acute lung injury, implants for quick stabilization like external fixators as well as decided surgical approaches with minimized potential for additional surgery-related impairment of the patient's immunologic state have been developed and used widely. It is obvious, that a similar approach should be undertaken in the case of spinal trauma in the polytraumatized patient. Yet, few data on damage control spine surgery are published to so far, controlled trials are missing and spinal injury is addressed only secondarily in the broadly used ATLS(R) polytrauma algorithm. This article reviews the literature on spine trauma assessment and treatment in the polytrauma setting, gives hints on how to assess the spine trauma patient regarding to the ATLS(R) protocol and recommendations on therapeutic strategies in spinal injury in the polytraumatized patient.